Range and Velocity Resolution of Linear- Frequency-Modulated Signals on Subarray-Mimo Radar


  • Sabaria Sabaria Universitas Borneo Tarakan, Indonesia
  • Syahfrizal Tahcfulloh Universitas Borneo Tarakan, Indonesia




ambiguity-function, linear-frequency-modulated (LFM), MIMO radar, peak sidelobe level ratio, range and velocity resolution.


The most important radar system performance is determining the range-velocity of the detected target. This performance is obtained from processing an ambiguity-function (AF) between signals from target reflections and radar radiation signals. Selection of the appropriate waveform transmitted by the radar is a key factor in supporting high resolution radar performance in the AF. There are many waveforms that have been studied in radar systems, especially for multi-antenna radars, i.e., subarray-MIMO (SMIMO) radar which can form phased array (PA) and MIMO radars simultaneously, in the form of linear-frequency-modulated (LFM) signals. In this paper, we examine the use of LFM waveforms combined with SMIMO radar to produce plots of three-dimensional AF as a function of time delay and Doppler shift. The results of the comparison with the Hadamard signal determine the effectiveness of the observed AF performance on parameters such as magnitude, range-velocity resolution, peak sidelobe level ratio, and integrated sidelobe ratio by taking into account the factors of the number of Tx antennas on the PA radar and the number of Tx subarrays on the MIMO radar. The evaluation results of the SMIMO radar configuration (M = 6) with the number of Tx-Rx antenna elements the being 8 provide the best mainlobe magnitude, sidelobe magnitude, range resolution, velocity resolution, PSLR, and ISLR of AF LFM signals compared to conventional radars are 235.2dB, 7.54dB, 37.5m, 75km/s, 29.89dB, and 29.8dB, respectively. Meanwhile, the LFM signal is far superior to the Hadamard signal which has PSLR and ISLR 1.16dB and -3.36dB, respectively.


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How to Cite

Sabaria, S. and Tahcfulloh, S. 2024. Range and Velocity Resolution of Linear- Frequency-Modulated Signals on Subarray-Mimo Radar. Jurnal ELTIKOM : Jurnal Teknik Elektro, Teknologi Informasi dan Komputer. 7, 2 (Feb. 2024), 200–209. DOI:https://doi.org/10.31961/eltikom.v7i2.940.