Pemodelan Baterai Air Garam Dan Pengujian Salinitas Elektrolit Berbasis PLC


  • Mohammad Noor Hidayat Politeknik Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia
  • Fahriza Mayrullah Politeknik Negeri Malang
  • Sapto Wibowo Politeknik Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia



salinity, batteray, redoks, salt, energy, capasity.


One of the technologies of this power source is a brine battery. In this study, testing the effect of electrolyte salinity levels on the performance of brine batteries with two different types of electrodes  was carried out, namely using magnesium anodes and aluminum anodes. In its cathode part used inert metal or carbon. Variations are carried out on the electrolyte solution used in the form of brine containing Na and Cl ions as electron conductors as well as reductors. Because the reaction of the brine battery system is relatively complex, a study was conducted in this study to see the effect of electrolyte salinity levels (27, 37, and 47 ppt) on the dc voltage produced. The measured parameters include the value of the dc voltage and the resulting current as well as the change in the salinity level after operating for a certain period of time. Tests were performed on batteries to drain the 0.47Ω resistor load operating for 24 hours non-stop where the parameter measurement setup was performed automatically using a PLC. The values of such parameters are monitored and recorded during 24-hour operation. Based on the results of measurements, the average energy capacity that can be used in Mg electrode cells is 17.6% of the total energy generated from the reaction of battery cells, then the average usable battery capacity on the Al electrode cell is 2.6% of the total energy produced.


Download data is not yet available.


N. A. Bani et al., “Feasibility study of a low cost saltwater lamp for rural area,” Int. J. Integr. Eng., vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 167–176, 2018, doi: 10.30880/ijie.2018.10.07.016.

N. A. Bani et al., “Harvesting Sustainable Energy from Salt Water: Part i - Effect of Types of Electrodes,” 2018 2nd Int. Conf. Smart Sensors Appl. ICSSA 2018, pp. 84–87, 2018, doi: 10.1109/ICSSA.2018.8535751.

F. Rahmawati, ELEKTROKIMIA : Transpormasi Energi Kimia-Listrik, Pertama. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu, 2013.

C. S. Li, Y. Sun, F. Gebert, and S. L. Chou, “Current Progress on Rechargeable Magnesium–Air Battery,” Adv. Energy Mater., vol. 7, no. 24, pp. 1–11, 2017, doi: 10.1002/aenm.201700869.

A. Susanto, M. S. Baskoro, S. H. Wisudo, M. Riyanto, and F. Purwangka, “Performance of Zn-Cu and Al-Cu electrodes in seawater battery at different distance and surface area,” Int. J. Renew. Energy Res., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 298–303, 2017, doi: 10.20508/ijrer.v7i1.5506.g7018.

I. A. Jumare, “Energy storage with salt water battery: A preliminary design and economic assessment,” J. Energy Storage, vol. 27, no. December 2019, p. 101130, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.est.2019.101130.

M. Zhang, X. Song, X. Ou, and Y. Tang, “Rechargeable batteries based on anion intercalation graphite cathodes,” Energy Storage Mater., vol. 16, pp. 65–84, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.ensm.2018.04.023.

M. Masrufaiyah, R. Hantoro, G. Nugroho, T. R. Biyanto, and N. L. Hamidah, “Performance of Seawater Activated Battery as Alter-native Energy Resources,” IPTEK J. Eng., vol. 3, no. 1, p. 11, 2017, doi: 10.12962/joe.v3i1.2266.

A. Susanto, M. S. Baskoro, S. H. Wisudo, M. Riyanto, and F. Purwangka, “Seawater battery with Al-Cu, Zn-Cu, Gal-Cu electrodes for fishing lamp,” Int. J. Renew. Energy Res., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1857–1868, 2017, doi: 10.20508/ijrer.v7i4.6291.g7229.

Y. Shen et al., “Water-in-salt electrolyte for safe and high-energy aqueous battery,” Energy Storage Mater., vol. 34, pp. 461–474, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.ensm.2020.10.011.

S. Park, B. Senthilkumar, K. Kim, S. M. Hwang, and Y. Kim, “Saltwater as the energy source for low-cost, safe rechargeable batteries,” J. Mater. Chem. A, vol. 4, no. 19, pp. 7207–7213, 2016, doi: 10.1039/c6ta01274d.

Y. Yamada, J. Wang, S. Ko, E. Watanabe, and A. Yamada, “Advances and issues in developing salt-concentrated battery electro-lytes,” Nat. Energy, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 269–280, 2019, doi: 10.1038/s41560-019-0336-z.

L. Redy, Basics Concepts, 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Inc., 2011. doi: 10.1002/9780470933886.ch1.

T. Zhang, Z. Tao, and J. Chen, “Magnesium-air batteries: From principle to application,” Materials Horizons, vol. 1, no. 2. pp. 196–206, 2014. doi: 10.1039/c3mh00059a.

F. Tong, S. Wei, X. Chen, and W. Gao, “Magnesium alloys as anodes for neutral aqueous magnesium-air batteries,” J. Magnes. Alloy., vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 1861–1883, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.jma.2021.04.011.

Y. Liu, Q. Sun, W. Li, K. R. Adair, J. Li, and X. Sun, “A comprehensive review on recent progress in aluminum–air batteries,” Green Energy Environ., vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 246–277, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.gee.2017.06.006.

V. L. Martins and R. M. Torresi, “Water-in-salt electrolytes for high voltage aqueous electrochemical energy storage devices,” Curr. Opin. Electrochem., vol. 21, pp. 62–68, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.coelec.2020.01.006.

J. Yang et al., “Corrosion inhibition of pure Mg containing a high level of iron impurity in pH neutral NaCl solution,” Corros. Sci., vol. 142, pp. 222–237, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.corsci.2018.07.027.

J. Ma, Y. Zhang, M. Ma, and C. Qin, “Jo ur na l P re of,” Corros. Sci., p. 108695, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.corsci.2020.108695.




How to Cite

Hidayat, M. N., Mayrullah, F., & Sapto Wibowo. (2022). Pemodelan Baterai Air Garam Dan Pengujian Salinitas Elektrolit Berbasis PLC. Jurnal ELTIKOM : Jurnal Teknik Elektro, Teknologi Informasi Dan Komputer, 6(2), 226–238.